Technical or Laboratory. The RCDD must consult with
the major claimant regarding the short- and long-term usage
planned for the facility. It may be anticipated that additional
fiber optic media will be required to carry high-speed data
directly across the campus to avoid delays inherent in
multiplexed systems. This is prevalent where simultaneous
related operational activities are being conducted or simulated
in several campus locations and require real-time connectivity.
Hospital. Hospital facilities shall be designed in
accordance with MIL-HDBK-1191, Medical and Dental Treatment
Facilities Design and Construction Criteria, Department of
Defense. The design of a telecommunications distribution system
to serve a hospital requires that the RCDD become cognizant of
the functionality of each area or room within the facility.
Hospital telecommunication support requirements encompass
extensive additional connectivity and unique installation
criteria to accommodate nurse call, intercom, public announcing,
master TV antenna, and other miscellaneous systems. The nurse
call system provides the baseline communications between nurse
stations, patient rooms, lab facilities, operating/treatment
rooms, and doctors. It provides for emergency calls, routine
patient requests, paging, and is used as a personnel locator.
The RCDD must ensure that the requirements for
telecommunications cabling have been included with the other
pathway requirements for security, electrical, alarms, and
announcing systems. To adequately address the intra-building
pathways and telecommunications cabling, the RCDD must at a
minimum become familiar with Naval Facilities Guide
Specifications (NFGS's). These guide specifications, along with
the commercial standards, detail the cable configurations
associated with the hospital telecommunications infrastructure.
Selection of cable types is dependent on the interface
requirements of the equipment supported by the cabling system.
It is, therefore, imperative that the RCDD obtain space
connectivity requirements and equipment interface data from the
claimant organization and OEM. If claimant cannot provide
accurate interconnection data, the designer should provide one
fiber optic, two Category 3 UTP, and one Category 5 cable per bed
or treatment area. This will accommodate the nurse call,
telephone, and patient monitoring requirements. Each room should
also be configured with either a coaxial or fiber optic cable for
cable television (CATV) service. In addition to the nurse call
system it is incumbent upon the RCDD to address the cabling
support requirements for telephone and the transfer of
information from medical monitoring equipment and data terminals.