Quantcast Number and Location of Gates

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MIL-HDBK-1013/10
Who will be authorized to activate the operators and where
a)
are they located?  (Guard in Access Control Point, remote radio control, key
switch, push button, card reader?)
How will access control personnel communicate with personnel
b)
desiring entrance and exit from the restricted area?  (Directly, intercom,
telephone?)
How will the gate be closed after the vehicle has gained
c)
entry? (Guard personnel, automatic timer, infrared (IR) beam?)
How will the gate be opened and closed to permit vehicle
d)
exit? (Guard personnel, IR beam, button or keypad, remote radio control,
roll-across sensor, card reader?)
3.5
Number and Location of Gates.  Gates will be limited to the very
minimum number to support efficient operations.  Centers of activity, facility
operations, personnel concentrations, as well as vehicular traffic flow inside
and outside the restricted area must be analyzed before locating gates.
Alternative gates, which are closed except during peak movement hours, may be
provided so that heavy traffic flow can be expedited. Whenever possible,
alternate gates should be located so that they are under observation of the
normal guard force.  All gates will be locked to form an integral part of the
fence when closed.
Traffic Control.  Traffic control at restricted areas during peak
3.6
hours must be evaluated for both pedestrian and vehicular access when
designing the entry control complex.  Vehicular gates for restricted areas
must be set back from any public or military roadway to ensure that temporary
delays caused by identification checks will not cause traffic hazards.
Sufficient space should also be provided to allow for spot checks,
inspections, and searches of vehicles without impeding the flow of traffic.
Entry control design must afford maximum security while minimizing
delay in the flow of authorized traffic.  Figure 20 provides a characteristic
entry control arrangement for a restricted area that has a high volume of
assigned personnel and visitors to access daily.  Inbound visitors and
unauthorized vehicles are diverted from the normal flow entering the
restricted area.  They have the opportunity to either voluntarily reverse
their direction and not approach the ECP, or obtain appropriate vehicle and
personnel passes to proceed into the restricted area. A second turnaround is
provided immediately beyond the ECP, but prior to the remotely controlled
restricted area gates, so that security personnel can reverse the direction of
vehicles or personnel that arrive at the ECP without proper passes or decals
prior to accessing the restricted area.  As a final security measure, remotely
controlled active (pop-up) vehicle barriers may be provided inside the gates
to obstruct forced or high-speed entry into the restricted area.  Tire
shredders or remotely controlled active vehicle barriers may also be provided
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