Ballistics Attack. The aggressor fires various small arms,
such as pistols, submachine guns, and rifles, from a distance determined by
the firearm's range. The aggressor's goal is to kill facility occupants or
to damage or destroy assets.
Standoff Weapons Attack. Military weapons or improvised
versions of military weapons are fired at a facility from a significant
distance. These include direct and indirect line-of-sight weapons such as
antitank rocket-propelled grenade weapons. The aggressor's goal is to injure
or kill the facility's occupants, and to damage or destroy assets.
Moving Vehicle Bomb. An aggressor drives an explosives-laden
car or truck into a facility and detonates the explosives. The aggressor's
goal is to destroy the facility and kill people within the blast area.
Stationary Bomb. An aggressor places a package or parks an
explosives-laden car or truck near a facility. The aggressor then detonates
the explosives either by time delay or remote control.
Design Threat Selection
Overview. In selecting a design threat from Table 1, the designer
must be concerned with the broad range of attack possibilities over the life
cycle of the facility. The choice of design threat must consider the assets
to be protected, and the presence and likely motivation of an aggressor in
directing an attack of a given severity against the asset. In general, the
designer must identify the types of assets to be protected, the potential
aggressor types that might be interested in a given asset and, from these,
the most likely attacks and severity levels that these aggressors might
direct at the asset. It should be noted that more than one attack type and
severity level shown in Table 1 may be directed at a given asset. The
objective is to establish all the attack types and severity levels for all
the assets likely to be associated with the facility.
Identifying Asset Types
Overview. The design team shall select the key assets in the
facility requiring protection. Table 2 provides a list of general asset
categories. This is intended to serve as a checklist to help the designer
elicit the opinion of the sponsors or operational user of the facility. In
general, the assets shown in Table 2 can be divided broadly into military-
related assets funded by Congressionally appropriated funds, high-value
assets purchased with nonappropriated funds, and military and civilian
personnel. Each of these are addressed briefly in the following.