a) Station-Assigned Vehicles. Provide parking areas adjacent to the
aircraft fire and rescue station for fire and rescue vehicles. Where the fire
and rescue station location does not permit immediate access to runways, a
separate hardstand near the runway is required. Provide parking areas for
other station-assigned vehicles adjacent to the parking apron.
b) Squadron-Assigned Vehicles. Provide parking areas adjacent to
hangar access for mobile electric power plants, oxygen trailers, utility jeeps,
tow tractors, and other ground support equipment.
c) Refueling Vehicles. Provide a central paved parking area for
refueling trucks and trailers at least 100 feet from nearest edge of the
aircraft parking apron. See NAVFAC DM-22, Petroleum Fuel Facilities.
Parking area sizes are shown in Table 17.
Surfacing. Line parking areas shall be paved with flexible or rigid
pavement; base the selection on minimum construction cost. Surfaces shall be
graded to drain and shall have no irregularities greater than + 1/8 inch in 10
feet for rigid pavement and + 1/4 inch in 10 feet for flexible pavement. Design
pavements for vehicle parking areas described above to support a 34,000-pound
twin axle loading.
Shelter. Line vehicles may be housed in shelters of the type shown in
Figure 30, where clearances permit. Where climate conditions require, walls and
doors may be added. A method of heating emergency vehicle engines shall be
provided in those areas of extreme cold where engine starting is difficult.
Structural materials will vary in accordance with local climatic conditions.
Lighting. Flood lighting shall be provided for security and to
facilitate operation of the equipment. Use low pressure sodium fixtures for
energy conservation. Provide dusk to dawn lighting controls. See MIL-HDBK
1004/4, Electrical Utilitzation Systems.
Towway. Towways for fixed- or rotary-wing aircraft are to be paved. If
contemplated that aircraft may taxi under their own power on this area, taxiway
criteria shall be used. Types of towways are based on aircraft to be
towed: carrier aircraft, patrol and transport aircraft, and rotary-wing
Pavement. Select pavement, rigid or flexible, whichever is more
economically feasible. Since aircraft engines are not operated on towways, it
is not necessary that the paving be resistant to jet or rotor blast.
Specific Requirements. For geometry and other criteria, see Table 18
and Figure 31.
For lighting, refer to MIL-HDBK-1023/1.
Modification. When existing roads or other pavements are modified for
use as towways, provide for necessary safety clearances, pavement strengthening
(if required), and all other specific requirements set forth in Table 18 and
Ordnance Handling Pad. Where suitable aprons are unavailable, an
isolated pad is required for cargo aircraft loading or off-loading explosives.