Quantcast  Off-Site Location

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  Equipment.  The equipment used for the on-site control center also
requires protection and comfort considerations similar to those noted for
personnel.  The critical nature and vulnerability of intrusion detection
systems (IDS) indicate a need to protect the communication components of
IDS-on-site equipment which should include point-for-point alarm zoning
regardless of the control center location.  This will enhance reliability
and specificity of information and maintenance.  The problem of having a
block or area of alarms inoperative due to a single point failure is then
moot.  Physical characteristics of the utilized equipment will indicate the
need for considerations of environmental influences.  The physical location
of the control equipment should be within the protection of the alarm system
perimeter and protected to the highest degree of security encompassed by the
system.  Equipment sensitivity to heat, cold, humidity, moisture, dust,
static electricity, radio frequency interference, electromagnetic
interference, and power fluctuations will require particular support systems
to control or eliminate these influences.  Systems may provide inconsistent
operation if designated operating conditions are not met.  Specifications
listed on equipment catalog sheets will provide insight to the environmental
needs of equipment, and manufacturer's or engineering support will have
resources to document and provide support requirements for environmental
considerations peculiar to the specific equipment.  Since the primary goal
of the on-site installation is to provide information of alarm conditions
for assessment and response, care should be taken to have valid and reliable
output in a consistent and clear format.  Communication of events to
secondary reporting centers and additional response forces may be considered
for facilities which require back-up security coverage or special materials
handling for safety.  Regular scheduled preventive maintenance and testing
are also required to ensure proper operation.
8.2.4  Off-Site Location.  The decision to locate the control center away
from the protected facility is primarily influenced by:  1) the ability to
define regular duty and off-duty hours and to complete a secure facility
during nonduty hours; 2) lack of appropriate resources for a control center;
3) limitations that inhibit deployment of on-site response personnel; 4)
duplication of report communications due to higher security needs; and 5)
budget constraints which require consolidation of resources.  Personnel.  The ability to provide trained personnel to respond to
alarm events is often better addressed by a law enforcement organization
organized specifically for this task.  These forces are necessary when
manning of the facility is cost prohibitive or the outside forces are needed
to augment the on-site contingent.  If the facility can be secured with
appropriate devices and physical response requirements can be met, then it
may be more effective to provide an off-site control center.  Caution is
advised in permitting off-site forces to cover too many facilities with too
few resources which generally do not consider the vulnerability of a
facility with the same specificity as the activity.  Off-site personnel are
best suited to respond to given situations only if adequate information and
direction can be given either by specific, point-for-point alarm information
or in a backup role to on-site personnel.


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