Quantcast Existing Requirements and Guidance

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Existing Requirements and Guidance
2.1 DOD Requirements
DOD 5200.8-R requires DOD Components to determine the necessary access control based on
the requirements of a developed physical security program. It also requires the evaluation of
automated entry control systems or access devices, where necessary. Emergency planning is
specified to include establishment of a system for positive identification of personnel and
equipment authorized to enter and exit the installation and maintenance of adequate physical
barriers that will be deployed to control access to the installation.
2.2 OPNAV Requirements
OPNAV 5530.14C Chapter 5 identifies the requirements for installation access and circulation
control. Section 0500.b specifies that each installation or separate activity Commanding
Officer must clearly define the access control measures required to safeguard facilities and
ensure accomplishment of the mission. Section 0501 establishes the policies related to
installation access and circulation control. Among the policies it is specified that the
procedures to control access to installations shall include using a defense-in-depth concept and
establish positive access control measures at entry control points to installations. Section 0502
states that installation/activity Commanding Officers shall, in addition to the required armed
guards, determine additional security controls of perimeter gates, i.e., barriers, video
surveillance, explosives detection, and vehicle inspection capabilities.
2.3 Installation Specific Requirements
As specified in OPNAV 5530.14C, the installation or activity Commanding Officer must define
the access control measures. Additionally, DoD Instruction 2000.16 requires Commanders at
all levels to develop and implement a comprehensive Antiterrorism (AT) program. DoD O-
2000.12-H provides the procedures and recommendations for reducing risk and vulnerability
of DoD personnel, their family members, facilities, and assets from acts of terrorism. DoD O-
2000.12-H defines five Force Protection Condition (FPCON) Levels (previously known as
THREATCONs) and the applicable FPCON measures to be enacted for each level. For
reference the five levels are described in Table 2-1.
Installations are required to develop an AT Plan, which provides the action sets that occur as
the FPCON level changes. For an Entry Control Facility, the installation AT plan identifies the
necessary identification and inspection procedures based on the Force Protection Condition
(FPCON). Additionally, many installations adopt Random Antiterrorism Measures (RAM).
Implementing RAM involves identifying at any FPCON a set of measures extracted from
higher FPCONs that supplement the basic FPCON measures already in place. Therefore, the
level of identification and inspection at the Entry Control Facility will vary depending on the
FPCON and the use of RAM. Some of the measures implemented include erection of barriers
and obstacles to control traffic flow and/or the search of all vehicles and their contents


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