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Typical Operations in Access Control Zone Manual
Currently, security personnel conduct identification procedures manually. Most installations
require vehicle and personnel identification. Security personnel, in each traffic lane, currently
complete the following procedures in access control zones at FPCON Bravo and below:
 Verification of vehicle decals
 Verification of personnel identification
 General surveillance of the vehicle and its contents
 Complete inspections of the vehicle and contents at varying occurrence
intervals based on FPCON and use of RAM
Currently, visitors to an installation are issued passes at a centralized pass office at most
installations. These vehicles then become authorized vehicles handled in the same manner as
other authorized vehicles. These operations occur for both inbound and outbound traffic,
although often at a reduced frequency for outbound traffic. Frequently, installations will use
tandem processing, two security personnel posted to each lane of traffic, to increase the
throughput of an ECF. It has been estimated that tandem processing may improve capacity
by up to 25% per lane (2, 5). This additional capacity may be critical during increased
FPCON or during RAMs, therefore, as a minimum, all entry control facilities shall be designed
to support tandem processing. Automated
In the future, identification procedures may be automated. Guidance from OPNAV indicates
that anticipated automated operations will be designed to mimic current identification
procedures by requiring identification of both vehicles and personnel. Pilot projects have
been initiated by OPNAV N34 at North Island, by the Air Force at Hanscom AFB, and other
DoD organizations to test potential technologies. Therefore, the design of the access control
area should facilitate manual and/or automated identification of both vehicles and personnel.
In order to facilitate the automated systems, the location of vehicles must be controlled. The
following procedure, based on the OPNAV pilot program, is anticipated for future automated
entry control points during FPCON Bravo and below:
An initial traffic arm will stop a vehicle for automated vehicle identification, such as a
bar code reader or RF transmitter
If the vehicle is authorized, the vehicle will be allowed to proceed to the personnel
identification station while stopping the next vehicle in the queue
The vehicle will proceed forward and stopped by a second traffic arm
The occupant will be identified with automated equipment; such as a proximity card
reader for "smart" cards similar to the DOD Common Access Card
If the occupant is authorized, the vehicle will be allowed to proceed and enter the
installation by opening the traffic arm
The ECF is supervised by CCTV and security personnel posted in the gatehouse and
sentry booth
Monitoring and identification of outgoing traffic may also be completed using
automated identification equipment


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