Entry Control Facility Design Considerations
The following design considerations are provided for DoD Personnel Only (Authorized
Vehicles), DoD Personnel / Visitors, and Commercial / Large Vehicle ECFs with a separate
centralized Truck Inspection Facility. For a Truck Inspection Facility or a Commercial/Large
Vehicle ECF which incorporates the truck inspection function follow the guidelines in Chapter 7
which reflect the unique requirements of supporting inspection functions for these types of
When determining the location for a new entry control or inspection facility it is important to
consider the potential impact on nearby facilities. The effect on nearby facilities of an
explosion occurring inside the entry control facility should be evaluated when considering new
entry control facilities or expanding an existing facility. It may be desirable to limit the
proximity of the ECF to nearby facilities or it may be necessary to harden an existing facility
in order to limit the amount of damage occurring from an explosion.
Another important factor in determining the location or extent of an ECF is the relevant
requirements given in UFC 4-010-01 "DOD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings."
This criteria indicates that "(w)here practical, all roadway and parking area projects should
comply with the standoff distances from inhabited buildings in Table B-1. Where parking or
roadways that are within the standoff distances in Table B-1 from existing buildings are being
constructed, expanded, or relocated, those parking areas and roadways shall not be allowed
to encroach on the existing standoff distances of any existing inhabited building. That applies
even where such projects are not associated with a building renovation, modification, repair,
or restoration requiring compliance with these standards." This criteria requirement may limit
the space available to relocate or expand the roadways associated with an existing
The site selected for an ECF should also consider the potential of expansion due to changes in
the traffic volume. Consideration should also be given to any anticipated changes in the local
roadways or highways entering the installation. It may be necessary to coordinate the
location of an ECF with the local municipality or other government agencies, as the location
may have significant traffic or other environmental impacts on the local community. The local
municipality or other government agencies may be able to make modifications or
improvements to the existing roadways, which will improve the function of a new ECF.
The functions and operations occurring in the each zone of the ECF were described in Sections
3.3.1 to 3.3.3. To support these requirements the following layout guidelines are provided
for each zone.