d. Bollards For 64 knot wind capability, the pier should have at least 12-100 ton
bollards at 100 ft centers and 4-200 ton storm bollards at each end of the berth.
Supporting items - provide the following
a. Camels - Three camels (one spare) of minimum width 55 ft. are required to prevent
interference between the ship elevator and the pier deck. Naval Station Norfolk uses 32-ft wide
camels but provides a 2 degree list. Naval Station Everett uses 60-ft wide camels. Camels may
be barges or fabricated from NAVFACENGCOM standard drawings and specifications.
Structurally evaluate barge for severe weather conditions. Also consider crane lift ability in camel
design and utility location. NAVSEA PMS 312 recommends 60-ft camels for new CVN
b. Aircraft Support - Aircraft require extensive support. Those requirements are not
c. Laydown Area - A minimum of 5 acres of laydown area in addition to pier/wharf space
is desirable. The laydown area should be within mile of the pier/wharf.
d. Brows 2- 45 ft brows are usually placed on ship's elevator #2 and 1-60 ft brow is
placed between elevators #2 and #3 to the main deck.
e. Other Ship Use - CVN berths should generally be designed to accommodate a variety
of surface combatants that may use the facilities.
f. Power - Ship-to-shore power/telecommunications cables.
g. Warehouse Space - General warehouse space accessible to large trucks and handling
h. Permit no pier interferences such as utilities and deck appurtenances in the zone of
carrier elevators 1, 2, and 3.