10. Physical security requirements and installation guidelines. A balanced
security program must have a firm physical security foundation that is
coupled with adequate electronic security measures to protect and secure
classified information, processors, and facilities. It makes no sense to
expend resources on electronic security if hostile intelligence service
elements have physical access to the classified information/documents.
20. Physical security program design. A physical security program should be
formulated and implemented using a total organization/facility approach.
This approach is organized in-depth and contains mutually supporting elements
of a physical and electronic nature. Coordination between physical security
specialists, security managers, and facility engineers is necessary because
it prevents security gaps or duplication of responsibilities and performance.
20.1 Total facility approach.
A total organization/facility approach to
physical security is based on:
Thoughtful and continuing analysis of existing protective measures.
Careful evaluation of the necessary and practical measures to maintain
security at a viable level.
The security needs and local conditions of each facility.
The understanding that as physical security measures become more
stringent, the operational capability may decrease.
20.2 Mutually supporting elements of physical security. Mutually supporting
elements of physical security are those elements which augment the
effectiveness of physical security measures. Mutually supporting elements of
physical security include:
Perimeter physical barrier(s).
Access control facilities.
Perimeter defensive positions, if appropriate.
Armed guard forces.
Selective integration of any or all of these elements can provide
satisfactory facility security.