Preparation and supervision of an adequate plant maintenance,
housekeeping, and inspection program
Competent design and installation of all plant equipment
Preparation and supervision of normal operating procedures that
are safe, reliable, and economical
Preparation and supervision of emergency and casualty procedures
Preparation and procurement of training aids, system diagrams,
and manufacturers' manuals for the training and guidance of
operating and maintenance personnel
Preparation and supervision of a periodic test and inspection
program for all plant safety devices, fire fighting equipment,
and other emergency equipment
3 OPERATOR MAINTENANCE. Operator maintenance is the necessary routine,
recurring maintenance work performed by the operators to keep the equipment
operating at its designed capacity and efficiency.
The operator is an important member of the maintenance
team. A well-informed and responsible operator performs the following duties:
Keeps equipment in service for maximum periods
Detects any flaws so that equipment is removed from service in time to
prevent serious damage
Performs minor repairs on equipment removed from service to minimize
Everyone in the operating chain should be aware of the following
(a) Cleanliness. Dirt is the principal cause of equipment failure and
should be removed immediately by the operator.
(b) Lubrication. Any two surfaces brought together develop friction.
When not properly lubricated, these surfaces wear down, change clearances, and
cause equipment breakdowns.
(c) Temperature Change. Any unusual temperature change which the
operator cannot correct should be reported immediately to the plant
supervisor. When the temperature of a piece of equipment rises rapidly,
immediately shut it down.
(d) Vibration. Vibration is a major source of equipment failure.,
Equipment not properly secured will vibrate. This vibration causes loosening
of components and possible misalignment of parts, leading to more serious
problems. The operator,in making rounds, should check the bearings,