The broad objectives of the DoD Scrap Recycling Program are
1. ensure that no property with utilization or sales value which exceeds
the value of its material content is processed as scrap
2. optimize procedures for cost-effective recovery, recycling, or sales
of scrap including precious-metal-bearing materials
3. ensure that processing of scrap is in strict compliance with all
applicable safety, health regulations, and environmental protection
Responsibilities. The Federal Property and Administrative
Services Act of 1949, as amended, assigned to the Administrator of General
Services responsibility for the disposition of excess and surplus personal
property (including scrap) generated by federal agencies in the United States.
The Administrator delegated responsibility for disposition of all DoD genera-
tions of such property to the Secretary of Defense, who subsequently assigned
overall command and management of the Defense Personal Property Utilization
and Disposal Program to the Defense Logistics Agency. Specific responsibili-
ties of the DoD installations primarily concerned with scrap recycling are
outlined in Table 3-lA (DoD 4160.21-H). Specific responsibilities of the DoD
installations for the management and disposal of hazardous materials and
hazardous waste are outlined in DoD 4160.21-M, Chapter XXI.
3.2 DISPOSAL ALTERNATIVES. Selection of the proper disposal methods for use
at an installation shall be based on protection of the environment and
relative cost to the government. A resource recovery analysis shall be
conducted before the disposal method is selected. Disposal may take the form
of one or a combination of the following methods.
3.2.1 Contracting. Contracts with municipal or private individuals may
be favorable when compared with the cost of in-house disposal. Large
municipal operations of solid waste disposal facilities are frequently more
efficient and environmentally more acceptable than smaller installation
operations. Contracts can also be used when funds for capital expansions in an
in-house facility are limited.
3.2.2 Sanitary Landfill. A sanitary landfill is an engineered disposal
method in which solid waste is spread, compacted, and covered with soil daily.
When properly designed, the sanitary landfill can handle nearly all types of
solid waste while providing substantial environmental protection. RCRA
regulations discourage the use of landfills and encourage generators to seek
alternative methods of waste disposal.
Hazardous wastes shall not be disposed of at a sanitary