Quantcast Miscellaneous Disposal Methods

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3.2.4.5  The residual product, noncombustible solid waste and ash, is
removed from the incinerator for disposal, usually by land burial.
3.2.4.6  Manufacturer Information.  Manufacturer-sponsored training
shall be included as part of the procurement package for an incinerator.  The
manufacturer must provide a detailed operating and maintenance manual.  State
and federal regulations shall be consulted to determine the allowable emission
standards.  No incinerator shall be purchased which does not meet these
standards.  A guarantee in writing shall be obtained from the manufacturer
stating that the incinerator will operate at or below the maximum allowable
emissions, and liability will be retained by the manufacturer for getting the
incinerator into compliance.
3.2.5  Composting.  Composting is an engineered process to promote the
biochemical decaying of organic material.  The product, compost, may be used
as a soil conditioner or fuel.  As a soil conditioner, compost provides
improved workability, increased water retention, and resistance to erosion.
In considering the composting process, market availability and reliability are
critical to the cost appraisal.  Separate collection, segregation, or sorting
of garbage from other refuse and increased capital and operating costs may be
substantial when compared with the same value of the product.  Compost is
useful for agricultural purposes and may be used as a cover material on slopes
or at a sanitary landfill because of its resistance to erosion.  Composting
may also prove practical when agricultural tenants (with leases per 10 USC
267) are able to use the material for soil conditioning.  In some processes,
cured compost may serve as a feedstock for other products, including
wallboard, fertilizer, and fuel.  As a fuel, the energy yield is poor when
compared with alternative fuel sources.
3.2.6  Pyrolysis.  Another method of volume reduction is pyrolysis.  This
system is
to a pressure cooker in using heat and pressure to convert
refuse to oil and sludge.  This system was effective in treating sewage sludge
at a military installation but was neither cost effective nor easy for the
user to maintain.
3.2.7  Materials Recover .  Materials may be recovered for recycling or
reuse through  one 0  a vane y of techniques discussed in Section 4.3.
Reusable or recyclable materials are separated at the source, whenever
possible, to reduce the overall cost.  Materials commonly processed this way
include high-grade paper, newspaper, corrugated cardboard, glass, batteries,
waste oil, and aluminum cans and other metals.  Also, methane gas can be
captured from properly designed collection systems for use during landfill
operations.
3.2.8  Miscellaneous Disposal Methods.
Alternatives for disposal may be
available for special applications.
3.2.8.1  Hog Feeding.  This method requires separate handling,
transportation, and processing of select types of garbage.  To serve as the
sole supply for a minimum efficient size farm requires an installation with a
complement of about 10,000 personnel.  Processing is regulated at the local,
state, and federal level.  Where markets exist, revenues from the sale of this
output may be advantageous.  The DRMO will supervise the sale in accordance
with Defense Disposal Manual (DoD 4160.21-M).
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