medicine, and noncombustibles such as cans and bottles. Some of
these wastes present physical, toxicological, or pathological
hazards. Appropriate guidelines for handling these materials are
provided in Section 4.4.
9. Military Activity Wastes
Wastes generated during maneuvers include wastes similar to mess
facilities plus other wastes such as spent ammunition. Ammunition
shells are frequently recycled and reused. Other wastes created on
maneuvers are seldom collected.
10. Foreign Garbage
Ships coming into port will have stored aboard the trash generated
while the ship was at sea.
Most of the waste is unusable garbage followed by paper, metal,
glass, and other. Aircraft and ships returning from foreign ports
must have all solid waste off-loaded and incinerated or sterilized
prior to disposal.
Roadway barrow pits, beaches, and recreation areas are frequent
repositories for litter. Most is metal cans or loose paper. Laws do
exist against littering but strict enforcement is not yet practical.
Wastes from all these sources have some recyclable components.
presently dictates which materials are recycled.
4.2 TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES
This section discusses various options for the handling of solid
wastes. Topics start from solid waste storage at generation sites and end
with ultimate disposal. Recycling issues are presented in detail.
Several methods of waste reduction and disposal are available to
military installations. Each provides varying degrees of productivity to the
overall refuse collection and disposal process; and their relative merits
should be assessed based on local conditions and local, state, and federal
policies with respect to solid waste management. The method or combination of
methods chosen must prevent nuisance and health hazards by controlling certain
agents and conditions, rodents, odors, air pollution, surface water and
groundwater pollution, and spread of pathogens and hazardous gases. Selecting
the appropriate disposal method should be based on least cost where such
studies are conclusive while in accordance with local, state, and federal
Handling and Storage at Generation Site
18.104.22.168 Storage requirements for solid wastes are spelled out in
the Federal Regulation 40 CFR 243. Excerpts follow: