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All solid wastes (or materials which have been
separated for the purpose of recycling) shall be stored in
such a manner that they do not constitute a fire, health,
or safety hazard or provide food or harborage for vectors,
and shall be contained or bundled so as not to result in
spillage.  All solid waste containing food wastes shall be
securely stored in covered or closed containers which are
nonabsorbent, leakproof, durable, easily cleanable (if
reusable), and designed for safe handling.  Containers
shall be of an adequate size and in sufficient numbers to
contain all food wastes, rubbish, and ashes that a
residence or other establishment generates in the period
of time between collections.  Containers shall be
maintained in a clean condition so that they do not
constitute a nuisance, and to retard the harborage,
feeding, and breeding of vectors.  When serviced, storage
containers shall be emptied completely of all solid waste.
Storage of bulky wastes shall include, but is not
limited to, removing all doors from large household
appliances and covering the item(s) to reduce the problems
of an attractive nuisance, and the accumulation of solid
waste and water in and around the bulky items.
Reusable waste containers which are emptied manually shall
not exceed 75 pounds (34.05 kg) when filled, and shall be capable of
being serviced without the collector coming into physical contact
with the solid waste.  Data on types and sizes of containers used in various
applications are given in Tables 4-2-3A and B (Tchobanoglous, Theisen, and
Eliassen 1977).  Table 4-2-3B provides information so the proper container can
be selected for a particular location.  Figure 4-2-3A shows several medium
capacity solid waste containers.  The requirement for waste containers will reflect the
characteristics of the source including the rate of waste generation, density
of population, and ease of access to both the generating installation and
collection system.  Proper selection of containers will increase productivity
and should provide reasonable benefits to both the discarding unit and to the
collection installations.  Location of Containers.  Traditionally, containers at
military installations have been located in one of two places:  curb or alley,
or central collection locations.  The use of other locations must be supported
by an economic or environmental analysis.  Central location collection
provides greater productivity in the collection process; however, greater
costs for equipment are inherent.  Aesthetics is an important consideration in
selecting a site location for any container(s).  Receptacle Stands.  Suitable stands for refuse receptacles
at pickup stations are essential for efficient and economical collection
operations.  Discarding units segregate refuse and police the pickup station.


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