Quantcast Collection of Solid Wastes

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4.2.3.9
Multiple Container Washing.  Multiple containers cannot
satisfactorily be cleaned by the use of personnel at mess halls and similar
facilities.  The multiple container cleaning facility shall be centrally
located on the route between the disposal facility and the source of refuse
materials.  Locate the facility where water and sewerage are conveniently
available.  A high-pressure (1000-1200 psi) hot water source or steam cleaner
can be provided with discharging the drainage directly to the sewer.  For
installations requiring them, this area is also a good location for a foreign
garbage steam sterilization facility.
4.2.3.10  Provide a concrete slab with proper drainage and of
adequate size for the intended service and number of vehicles that may use the
washing facility at the same time.  The wash water from the can-washing
facility needs to be collected and treated as wastewater.  Shelter for the
washing facility is not required.  Whether using hot or cold water, a booster
pump to give high pressure will facilitate washing.  Fittings to introduce
liquid soap or detergent into the hose stream may be desirable.  Since refuse
containers are considered adequately cleaned when the food particles have been
removed, they do not require sterilizing.  Containers used for storage of
putrescible materials shall be scheduled for regular cleaning, and other
containers on an as-required basis.
4.2.3.11  The same washing facility may also be used at the end of
the day for washing the collection vehicles.
4.2.3.12  Portable Cleaner.  An option to the centralized cleaning
facility is a portable high-pressure cleaning system.  These units will
minimize capital cost expenditures but might require more labor than the
central cleaning location.  Portable equipment that sanitizes dumpsters,
washes heavy equipment, cleans latrines, and can be used to recover liquid
spills is commercially available through several sources.
4.2.4
Collection of Solid Wastes
4.2.4.1
Collection equipment and associated costs can vary
depending on whether the disposal fee is based on weight or volume.  If the
fee is based on $/ft3, then compaction equipment can frequently be justified.
The specification of collection equipment shall be a cooperative effort among:
(1) the base civil engineer, (2) the procurement office, (3) the contract
office, and (4) the maintenance shop.  The four parties will each have
different but valuable facts on price and reliability of existing equipment.
All inputs are needed to specify quality replacement items.
4.2.4.2
The primary federal guideline for solid waste collection
is 40 CFR 243.  It specifies the collection equipment requirements, design
procedures, and operating procedures.  Those items are excerpted below.
Collection Equipment Requirements
All vehicles used for the collection and transpor-
tation of solid waste (or materials which have been
separated for the purpose of recycling) which are con-
sidered to be operating in interstate or foreign commerce
shall meet all applicable standards established by the
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