Environmental Impacts. The environmental impacts
associated with the transfer and hauling of unprocessed solid waste include
insects and rodents
Noise. Sources of noise at the transfer station include
the operation of collection and transfer vehicles, and any loading and/or
Air Quality. Air quality impacts include idling of
collection vehicles during dumping operations, exhaust from operation of front
end loaders or crawler tractors, and dust generated by the unloading of
collection vehicles and haul vehicles. Site users/workers are exposed to dust
especially when stations are enclosed; however, an enclosed station decreases
the impacts on the surrounding community.
Odors. Objectionable odors can occur when mixed solid
waste containing organic matter accumulates in an environment conducive to
putrefaction. To minimize odors, the waste receiving area at the transfer
station shall be designed and staffed to handle peak day loads with adequate
time for a thorough daily cleanup.
Traffic Congestion. Traffic to and from the transfer
station may cause congestion on nearby streets and intersections. Also, haul
operations can cause significant congestion thereby slowing station
operations. Scheduling of collection and transfer truck trips to avoid peak
traffic hours can reduce this problem.
Litter. The site shall be fenced to contain any blowing
litter, and a daily litter cleanup procedure shall be included in the
operation plan. All solid waste transferred to and unloaded at the site shall
be covered to minimize the problem. Haul trailers do not generally contribute
to littering because the solid waste is usually compacted or completely
contained inside the truck.
Water Contamination. Water pollution impacts stemming
from rainfall into the transfer containers or washdown of the transfer station
area and of the transport vehicles can be mitigated by collecting and
channeling runoff waters to a sewer system, or by collecting and treating the
runoff prior to disposal. The potential for water pollution during the haul
operation is insignificant.
Transfer Station Siting
station sites, include the following:
type of transfer system to be employed