Facility Safety Features
Shredder to reduce size of lumber and other combustible refuse being
charged to the furnace. Oversized wood or lumber causes bridging in the
charging hopper, which may cause flame propagation and combustion of solid
waste outside the furnace.
Automatic or manual sprinkler systems for storage pits and charging floors.
Fire-hose stations and fire extinguishers at strategic locations for fire
protection. Sprinklers in the charging hoppers are needed to put out fire
First aid kits in dumping and furnace areas.
Adequate drains and sloping floors.
Building ventilation using outdoor suction intakes to prevent the
possibility of creating a vacuum on the stoking floors.
Stacks equipped with aircraft warning, lightning rods, and safety ladders.
Stack sampling ports as required by air pollution control regulations.
Intercom system between charging and stoking floors.
Provide TV monitors in the control room for the charging hoppers, dumping
area of the refuse pit, end of the furnaces, and the stack. The monitors
will help the operators control various plant operations.
Access ladders to storage pits.
Forced-air ventilation in storage pits.
Drains to allow hosing of the storage pits.
A method of quickly removing an injured person from the storage pit.
Guardrails to prevent personnel from falling into the incinerator
equipment. At the charging opening of top-fed incinerators, toe boards as
well as guardrails will be provided. OSHA Standard 29 CFR Part 1910.23
refers to guarding openings in floors.
Permanent, fixed backing bumpers to prevent vehicles from backing into the