collection area into several regions. each region having a different pickup day.
The occasional collection day method calls for setting up a collection site only
on an occasional basis. However, this method does not offer a permanent
solution to the disposal problem. The preferred collection system for household
hazardous waste is the implementation of a permanent receiving site, operated on
a regular daily basis. This method has been the most successful because it
becomes well known by the generators of hazardous waste. A second advantage to
the latter alternative is that transportation costs associated with collection
18.104.22.168 Procedures. The procedure for collecting and handling the
incoming hazardous waste consists of four major steps: (1) make sure the
container is not leaking and has known contents; (2) identify the hazard
category for the waste; (3) document the type, amount, and destination of the
waste; and (4) properly pack the waste into a drum of similar materials. The
EPA guidelines for packing drums, found in 40 CFR 265.316, are summarized below:
The waste must be contained in sealed, sound, and leakproof containers,
which will not react with the waste contained.
The drum must meet DOT specifications, not have a volume of greater
than 110 gal, and must be filled completely with enough absorbent to
absorb all the liquid contained in the inner containers.
The absorbent material must not react dangerously with, be decomposed
by, or be ignited by the waste in the inner containers.
All of the wastes contained in the drum must be compatible. Reactive
wastes, other than cyanide or sulfide-bearing wastes, must be
rendered nonreactive before being packaged in the drum.
Transportation. Before drums containing the household
hazardous waste can be transported, they must be labeled in accordance with the
DOT regulations and be recorded on a Uniform Hazardous Waste manifest. All
shipments must be made by a licensed hazardous waste hauler, generally obtained
through the bidding process, and disposed of in a Class 1 disposal facility.
4.5.11 Education and Training. Handling of hazardous waste requires
specialized knowledge and training. This requirement is essential for
maintaining both a safe working environment and a work force capable of dealing
with emergencies related to hazardous substances. Often the lack of knowledge
will lead to a fire, explosion, or spill, and the situation may be worsened by
the absence of correct and timely response to the situation. Therefore, proper
training can help prevent emergencies and the corresponding losses of property
damage and personnel injury.
4.5.12 Regulatory Requirement. Both RCRA and the Superfund Amendments and
Reauthorization Act (SARA) call for training in the areas of hazardous waste and
materials. RCRA requires installation personnel to be trained in safe
techniques of performing their duties and how to respond to emergencies relating
to hazardous waste and hazardous materials. Specifically, personnel are to be
trained in their installation's hazardous waste management program,