Quantcast Appendix C Glossary -Cont. - mo310_20195

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CARRIER-- An inert liquid, solid, or gas added to
AVICIDE-- A pesticide used to kill or repel birds.
an active ingredient to make a pesticide dispense
Birds are in the class Aves.
effectively. A carrier is also the material, usually
water or oil, used to dilute the formulated product for
BACTERIA-- Microscopic organisms, some of
application.
which are capable of producing diseases in plants and
animals, Others are beneficial.
CERTIFIED APPLICATORS-- Individuals who
are certified to use or supervise the use of any
used
to
control
BACTERICIDE-- Chemical
restricted use pesticide covered by their certification.
bacteria.
CHEMICAL NAME-- The scientific name of the
BAIT-- A food or other substance used to attract a
active ingredient(s) found in the formulated product.
pest to a pesticide or to a trap.
This complex name is derived from the chemical
structure of the active ingredient.
BAND APPLICATION-- Application of a pesticide
in a strip alongside or around a structure, a portion of
CHEMICAL CONTROL-- Pesticide application to
a structure or any object.
kill pests.
BARRIER APPLICATION-- see band application.
CHEMOSTERILANT-- A chemical compound
capable of preventing animal reproduction.
BENEFICIAL INSECT-- An insect that is useful or
helpful to humans. Usually insect parasites, predators,
CHEMTREC-- The Chemical Transportation
pollinators, etc.
Emergency Center has a toll-free number that provides
24-hour information for chemical emergencies such as
BIOLOGICAL CONTROL-- Control of pests using
a spill, leak, fire, or accident. 800-424-9300.
predators, parasites, and disease-causing organisms.
May be naturally occurring or introduced.
CHLORINATED HYDROCARBON-- A pesticide
containing chlorine, carbon, and hydrogen. Many are
BIOMAGNIFICATION-- The process where one
persistent in the environment. Examples: Chlordane,
organism accumulates chemical residues in higher
DDT, methoxychlor. Few are used in urban pest
concentrations from organisms they consume.
management operations today.
BOTANICAL PESTICIDE-- A pesticide produced
CHOLINESTERASE,
from chemicals found in plants. Examples are nicotine,
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE-- An enzyme in
pyrethrins, and strychnine.
animals that helps regulate nerve impulses. This
enzyme is depressed by N-Methyl carbamate and
BRAND NAME-- The name, or designation of a
organophosphate pesticides.
specific pesticide product or device made by a
manufacturer or formulator. A marketing name.
CHRONIC TOXICITY-- The ability of a material
to cause injury or illness (beyond 24 hours following
CALIBRATE, CALIBRATION OF EQUIPMENT
exposure) from repeated, prolonged exposure to small
OR APPLICATION METHOD- The measurement
amounts. [See also Acute Toxicity]
of dispersal or output and adjustments made to control
the rate of dispersal of pesticides.
COMMERCIAL APPLICATOR-- A certified
applicator who for compensation uses or supervises the
CARBAMATES-- (N-Methyl Carbamates) A group
use of any pesticide classified for restricted use for any
of pesticides containing nitrogen, formulated as
purpose or on any property other than that producing
insecticides, fungicides and herbicides. The N-Methyl
an agricultural commodity.
Carbamates are insecticides and inhibit cholinesterase
in animals.
COMMON NAME-- A name given to a pesticide's
active ingredient by a recognized committee on
pesticide nomenclature. Many pesticides are known by
CARCINOGENIC-- The ability of a substance or
a number of trade or brand names but the active
agent to induce malignant tumors (cancer).
ingredient(s) has only one recognized common name.
Appendix C, Pg 2





 


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