F U M I G A N T - - A pesticide formulation that
E N D A N G E R E D S P E C I E S - - Groups of
volatilizes, forming a toxic vapor or gas that kills in
interbreeding plants or animals that have been reduced
the gaseous state. Usually, it pentrates voids to kill
to the extent that they are near extinction and that have
been designated to be endangered by a Federal
FUNGICIDE-- A chemical used to control fungi.
ENTRY INTERVAL-- See Re-entry Interval.
FUNGUS (Plural, Fungi)-- A group of small, often
microscopic, organisms in the plant kingdom which
ENVIRONMENT-- Air, land, water, all plants, man
cause rot, mold and disease. Fungi need moisture or a
and other animals, and the interrelationships which
damp environment (wood rots require at least 19%
exist among them.
moisture). Fungi are extremely important in the diet of
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OR EPA-- The federal agency responsible for
GENERAL USE (UNCLASSIFIED)
ensuring the protection of man and the environment
PESTICIDE-- A pesticide which can be purchased
from potentially adverse effects of pesticides.
and used by the general public. (See also Restricted
EPA ESTABLISHMENT NUMBER-- A number
assigned to each pesticide production plant by the
GRANULE-- A dry pesticide formulation. The
EPA. The number indicates the plant at which the
active ingredient is either mixed with or coated onto an
pesticide product was produced and must appear on all
inert carrier to form a small, ready-to-use, low-
labels of that product.
concentrate particle which normally does not present
a drift hazard. Pellets differ from granules only in
EPA REGISTRATION NUMBER-- A n
their precise uniformity, larger size, and shape.
identification number assigned to a pesticide product
when the product is registered by the EPA for use.
GROUNDWATER-- Water sources located beneath
The number must appear on all labels for a particular
the soil surface from which spring water, well water,
etc. is obtained (see also Surface Water).
ERADICATION-- The complete elimination of a
HAZARD-- see Risk.
(pest) population from a designated area.
HERBICIDE-- A pesticide used to kill or inhibit
EXPOSURE ROUTE OR COMMON
EXPOSURE ROUTE-- The manner (dermal, oral
or inhalation/respiratory) in which a pesticide may
HOST-- Any animal or plant on or in which another
enter an organism.
lives for nourishment, development, or protection.
FIFRA-- The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and
IGR, INSECT GROWTH REGULATOR
Rodenticide Act; a federal law and its amendments that
JUVENOID-- A pesticide constructed to mimic
control pesticide registration and use.
insect hormones that control molting and the
development of some insect systems affecting the
FLOWABLE-- A pesticide formulation in which a
change from immature to adult (see Juvenile
very finely ground solid particle is suspended (not
dissolved) in a liquid carrier.
INERT INGREDIENT-- In a pesticide formulation,
FOG TREATMENT-- A fine mist of pesticide in
an inactive material without pesticidal activity.
aerosol-sized droplets (under 40 microns). Not a mist
or gas. After propulsion, fog droplets fall to horizontal
INGREDIENT STATEMENT-- The portion of the
label on a pesticide container that gives the name and
amount of each active ingredient and the total amount
F O R M U L A T I O N - - The pesticide product as
of inert ingredients in the formulation.
purchased, containing a mixture of one or more active
ingredients, carriers (inert ingredients), with other
INHALATION-- Taking a substance in through the
additives making it easy to store, dilute and apply.
lungs; breathing in. (See Exposure Route.)
Appendix C, Pg 4