CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
Wood is an engineering material with known design properties and is used extensively for construc-
tion purposes. Each species or species group has certain unique characteristics that make it par-
ticularly suited for specific applications. These characteristics include strength properties, the
machinability, appearance and many others. Good performance will result when the proper
materials are selected and correctly installed. The knowledge exists to do a wood construction job
correctly--it simply must be applied.
In today's complex society of specialists, however, ample opportunity exists for errors. Specialists
produce the wood products, a specialist often designs a project, engineering specialists certify the
project, another specialist specifies or purchases the materials, another delivers it, and yet another in-
stalls the materials and inspects the final job. Still others are responsible for maintenance. To fur-
ther complicate the situation, very few individuals in this chain, including engineers, have had any
training regarding wood products. If errors are made by anyone in the chain and existing
knowledge and expertise are not applied, time and precious natural resources could be wasted and
lives can be endangered.
1.1 PURPOSE. This manual identifies key technical points that should be considered by personnel
when preparing procurement orders, and accepting or installing treated wood products for U.S.
Navy facilities. The care and handling of treated wood products received by the Navy will also be
1.2 SCOPE. The manual will cover (1) wood as a construction material, (2) wood identification,
(3) wood deterioration, (4) preservation of new wood products to prevent decay and insect attack,
(5) quality control, and (6) maintenance and remedial control.
1.3 INTENDED AUDIENCE. The manual is intended as a tool to assist supply procurement
specialists, Public Works personnel, and EFD Applied Biologists.
1.3.1 Planner and Estimator. The Public Works Planner and Estimator will find Chapters
3, 4, 5, and 7 most helpful for planning jobs and ordering materials.
1.3.2 Public Works Inspectors. Public Works Inspectors will find Chapters 4 and 7 useful
in identifying deficiencies and suggesting remedial actions.
1.3.3 Public Works Engineers. Public Works Engineers will find Chapters 4, 5, and 7 use-
ful for specifying treated wood products.
1.3.4 Supply Personnel. Supply personnel should read Chapters 5 and 6.
1.3.5 EFD Applied Biologists. EFD Applied Biologists and Program Managers will find
the entire manual informative with Chapters 4 through 7 most useful for overall program support.