making rest stops. Ensure adequate ventilation and
never exceed posted speeds. During emergencies, get
the vehicle off the roadway; use flasher lights and
approved warning signals to alert other motorists.
When leaving the highway, get in proper lane well
before the turn-off, and use turn signals to warn other
4.4 BRAKES. Drivers must be conscious that it takes
time and distance to stop a moving vehicle and that
s u f f i c i e n t distance must be allowed to avoid the
necessity for sudden stops that are hard on equipment
and in many instances may be the direct cause of an
accident. Brakes should be applied with steady pressure
at the beginning of a stop and then eased off as vehicle
slows down. Just before vehicle comes to a complete
stop, brakes should be released to avoid jerk and
rebound and then applied again to hold vehicle while it
is stopped. Brakes should not be fanned (alternately
applied and released) except on slippery pavement
where this type of braking gives better control, reduces
the danger of skidding, a n d gives a shorter stop.
F a n n i n g brakes serves no useful purpose on dry
pavement. Drivers of vehicles equipped with air brakes
should be aware that fanning brakes wastes air and
should be done cautiously.
When driving through water, reduce speed to
prevent brake drums, engine, and ignition from getting
wet. A good procedure is to apply the brakes lightly to
reduce the clearance between drums and linings when
traveling through other than normal rain water. If
brakes still get wet, continue a slight drag on the brakes
in order to generate enough heat to dry out the brakes.
4.5. CORRECTING FOR A SKID. If a vehicle skids,
steer in the direction of the skid to regain control.