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2.2.3 Industrial/Shop Functions. Large Navy activities, such as
Shipyards, Aviation Depots, and Ordnance Plants, generate waste oils
suitable for boiler firing.  The use of these waste oils as supplemental
fuel depends on the economics of collection, segregation, and treatment.
Certain products used in industrial/shop facilities must not be burned.
These are discussed later and are listed in Appendix D.
2.2.4 Nonindustrial Related Functions. At nonindustrial activities,
waste oil is generated wherever internal combustion engine equipment is
operated and maintained, as in transportation equipment shops, Navy
Exchange service stations, automotive hobby shops, public works maintenance
shops, and diesel generator plants.
2.2.5 Nonspecification Fuels.  Another source of waste oil is fuels
that cannot be issued as specification fuels because they became
contaminated at storage and dispensing facilities.
2.3 WASTE OIL RESTRICTIONS.  Oil products that will most likely be found in
waste oils are categorized into six types in Table 2-1, and are described
as follows:
2.3.1 Type A Oil Products.  Type A products in Table 2-1, such as
gasoline and JP-4, are undesirable as boiler fuels. Low flashpoint
characteristics make these materials hazardous to handle and burn.
2.3.2 Type F Oil Products.  The majority of waste oils considered here
are nonpetroleum-based products.  Synthetic/chemical (nonpetroleum) based
products require segregated collection. Appendix D lists
synthetic/chemical-based waste oils, low flashpoint materials, and
halogenated solvents that should not be burned. Special precautions are
required to avoid dumping solvents or residues that contain halogens into
the waste oil being collected for boiler firing. Shops must segregate all
halogenated compounds when practical, because high enough concentrations
may result in accelerated corrosion of boiler components and produce
unhealthful stack emissions.  This type of waste can be added to waste oils
only after the individual batch has been determined to be free of halogen.
If the oil fails the tests outlined in Chapter 3, it is probably due to
improper segregation and should be disposed of separately. Suspect
materials are trichloroethane (O-T-6200, trichloro-trifluoroethane
(MIL-C-81302), constant speed drive fluid (MIL-S-81087), and various
cleaning compounds.
2.3.3 Type B, C, D, and E Oil Products.  These can be utilized readily
as a burner fuel by either burning them straight or blending with the fuel
oil in use or by providing a separate waste oil burner in the boiler.
Certain basic requirements must be met, but in general, a wide range and
large quantity of waste oil from these types can be reused.


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