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APPENDIX B
GLOSSARY
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP).  An independent
Federal agency tasked with advising the President, Congress, and
other Federal agencies regarding historic and archeological
resource preservation, formulating cultural resource protection
policy, and reviewing Federal and federally-assisted undertakings
that affect National Register properties.
Archeological Resource.  Any material remains of human life or
activity that is capable of providing information of past human
behavior, culture, and related topics through a scientific or
scholarly review.
Archeological Survey.  A study to identify significant
archeological remains or materials within a specific geographic
area.  The study is based on both literature research concerning
the prehistory and history of the site and on field
investigations.  At Navy installations or activities,
archeological surveys are usually conducted in two stages:
(1)
as part of an overview survey, a cursory initial study that is
usually visual and with limited document research, which
identifies known and potential archeological sites and (2) an
intensive survey, a more detailed study that in turn consists of:
Phase I, a field investigation conducted to locate any
archeological resources; and Phase II, a study in which
archeological resources identified in the overview or Phase I
surveys are evaluated to determine their significance
(eligibility for the National Register of Historic Places).
Architectural Resource.  A building, object, structure or
other
man-made resource.  An architectural resource can also be
an
element of landscape design such as a formal garden, park
or
parade ground, or an element of city planning such as the
layout
plan of a Navy installation.
Architectural Survey.  An evaluation study by one or more
qualified architectural historians in which a list is compiled of
districts, buildings, structures, objects, and other man-made
features.  It evaluates potential for placing a resource on the
National Register of Historic Places.  At Navy installations,
such surveys are usually conducted in two stages:  an overview
survey and an intensive survey.  The overview survey is based on
preliminary historic and visual survey of the property.  The
overview results in a list of resources that appear to be
eligible for the Register and resources and areas that require
further evaluation through an intensive building survey.  The
intensive survey is a detailed study involving additional
historic research and completion of field survey forms on all
districts, buildings, structures, and objects identified in the
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