the inventory and collection of data about sites of national
significance. It also authorized the Historic American Buildings
Survey, which systematically documents important historic
structures through measured architectural drawings, photographs,
and written data.
C.1.4 National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (83
Stat. 852, 42, U.S.C. Sec. 4321). The Act established a national
policy for the protection and enhancement of the environment,
stating that it is the continuing responsibility of the Federal
Government to use all practicable means, consistent with other
essential considerations of national policy, to improve and
coordinate Federal plans, functions, programs, and resources to
the end that the nation may preserve important historic,
cultural, and natural aspects of our national heritage.
C.1.5 Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979
(ARPA),[ 16 U.S.C. 470aa-470mm) Public Law 96-96. An act
requiring permits for archeological excavations on public lands
and specifying penalties for unauthorized excavations or
vandalism of archeological resources and providing for the
preservation of archeological collections and data.
C.1.6 Archeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1974.
Directs Federal agencies to notify the Secretary of the Interior
whenever they find that a Federal, federally assisted, or
federally licensed project may cause irreparable loss or
destruction of significant prehistorical, historical, or
archeological data. The Secretary of the Interior is authorized
to undertake the recovery, protection, and preservation of such
data, or in accordance with instructions from the Secretary, the
agency is authorized to undertake such actions. The Secretary is
further directed to coordinate all Federal survey and recovery
C.2.1 Executive Order 11593 "Protection & Enhancement of the
Cultural Environment May 13, 1971 (36 CFR 8921, 16 USC 470 et
seg.). This order has been subsumed under Section 110 of the
National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended.
C.2.2 ACHP Regulations.
C.2.2.1 Section 106 of NHPA. Requires Federal agencies
to give the ACHP an opportunity to comment before funds are
approved for any federal undertaking that might have any effect
on a National Register of Historic Places site, building, object,
structure, or district under the direct or indirect control of
the agency. The process is commonly known as Section 106 review.
An `Undertaking" is any project carried out by a federal agency,
or with federal funds, or with a federal license or permit.
Regardless of whether the undertaking is expected to have a
"beneficial" or an "adverse" effect on the property, it still