Quantcast Chapter 1. Introduction - mo_3400011

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CHAPTER 1.
INTRODUCTION
1.1 PURPOSE.  This manual is a detailed guide for routine ship-to-shore
sewage transfer operations.  It is intended for both supervisory and
subordinate field personnel who perform the hose handling operations.
Because of the nature of the waste involved, it is imperative that the
recommended procedures be implemented to ensure a safe operation.
The manual can be divided into three categories:  1) Chapters 1 through
3 provide introductory material and describe the various ship-to-shore
sewage facilities in considerable detail.  2) Chapters 4 through 10 contain
detailed operating procedures for handling the sewage hoses and making the
ship-to-shore connections.  3) Chapters 11 and 12 and Appendices A and B
provide general guidance on hose maintenance procedures, safety aspects of
handling hoses, hose disinfection procedures, and lessons learned during the
development of the manual.
It is the intent of this Command to publish the best procedures avail-
able for managing the ship-to-shore operation.  As such, field activities
are encouraged to submit comments and/or revised operating procedures.  These
recommendations will be periodically consolidated and used to update this
manual.
1.2 LEGAL REQUIREMENTS.  DOD Directive 6050.4 of 23 October 1979
promulgates Section 312 of the  Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as
amended,  and is consistent with U.S. Coast Guard and Environmental
Protection Agency implementing regulations, 33 CFR 159 and 40 CFR 140
respectively.  Specifically, the DOD directive requires that nonexempted
Navy ships be outfitted with equipment to preclude the overboard discharge
of raw sewage in restricted waters. Existing vessels shall be in compliance
by April 1, 1981, or when an approved Marine Sanitation Device (MSD) is
installed in the existing vessel, whichever is sooner.  New vessels shall be
in compliance on the effective date of the above directive.
1.3 DEVELOPMENT OF PROCEDURES.  The procedures discussed in this manual
were developed as part of an extensive study program conducted at NAVSTA,
San Diego.  They have been reviewed by various fleet and shore commands, and
pertinent comments were incorporated into the manuscript. Finally, these
procedures are consistent with the health and safety requirements specified
by the Chief, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.
1.4 HOSE DISINFECTION.  Appendix A contains procedures for disinfecting the
interior and exterior surfaces of hoses.  It must be emphasized that hose
disinfection is not required by the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery for safe
hose handling operations.  As such, the decision on whether to routinely
disinfect sewage hoses is left to the discretion of the individual activi-
ties.
1-1





 


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