401.1 GENERAL. Loading of hoses involves removing clean hoses from storage
and placing them aboard a vehicle for transportation to a berthing space for
use. In most instances, this will take place shortly before arrival time of
vessels scheduled for sewage transfer. Usually, one ship will be serviced
at a time. However, there will be cases in which the shore crew must load
enough hoses to service two or more ships within a very short span of time,
for example, simultaneous arrival of several ships assigned to a single
nest. In high turnover ports, the loading operation and all subsequent steps
often will have to be performed rapidly when ship arrivals are very closely
The hose loading procedures are intended to provide a simple and effi-
cient method of responding to the situations described. At the same time,
the procedures should lead to the most effective use of available manpower.
a. Removing Hoses from Storage. The loading process begins with the
clean hoses in storage. As stated in Chapter 3, storage may be in coils or
straight lines, on the ground or on a rack. Removal from storage may be
completely manual or assisted by power machinery.
Considerable manual effort is required in loading hoses: lifting
130-pound coils from one point to another, removing straight lines of hose
from racks to the ground, coiling hoses, dragging hoses along the ground,
guiding hoses on the ground, and performing numerous similar operations.
When power-assist machinery, such as a hose reel or forklift is used, it is
necessary to employ some manual effort to guide the hose being handled in
nearly every instance.
b. Lubrication. When hose lengths are removed from storage, the
exterior of the male fitting and the interior of the female fitting should
be coated lightly with fresh, waterproof grease to facilitate connections
4.1.2 CREW SIZE. Hose loading is not-a one-man job. The minimum shore
crew size must be two men. Even when power machinery is used, this rule
should be followed. This also applies to all other shore hose handling
operations. The rule acts as a safety measure and reduces the level of per-
sonnel exertion. The minimum shipboard hose handling crew is three men,
with the exception of submarines, where two-man crews may be used.
4.1.3 MANUAL LOADING PROCEDURE. The following methods of manual loading of
sewage hoses were tested in San Diego and found to be satisfactory.
a. Hoses Stored in Straight Lines. Collapsible and Noncollapsible
Rubber Hoses. The rubber hoses may be stored in straight lines on the ground
or in a storage rack, as explained above and shown in Figure 3-18. In either