The majority of the deficiencies (39%) are design deficiencies. As
mentioned earlier, most of the consulting engineering firms hired to design
these facilities were inexperienced in this field. Even when a second A/E
(consultant) was hired to critique the design A/E's submission (NARF, Norfolk
project), the majority of the deficiencies were still design related. This
shows how important it is to select a highly qualified firm to design these
The next highest categories of deficiencies are related to construction
(18%) and design criteria (14%). Adequate design criteria is lacking in the
existing DM 5.8 Pollution Control Systems. However, it is being revised, with
a probable project completion of June 1985. In addition, electroplating
design criteria is under development.
The construction of some of these complex facilities has been a problem.
These projects require close inspection and careful control of material and
equipment substitution change orders. Title II inspection procedure, using
the design engineers or another engineering firm, should be requested by the
EFD. Also, equipment acceptance tests should be coordinated with the design
A/E and EFD.
Based on the lessons learned on these projects evaluated under the POE
Program and some others evaluated previously, Guidelines for Industrial
Facilities Projects (Encl (1) to NAVFACINST 4862.5B) were prepared. These
attachment (1) guidelines should be followed from the initial conception of
the project in the planning stage through design, construction, shake-down
period, monitoring and certification.