Quantcast Float Requirements for Portal Cranes

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CASE CN6 - Float Requirements for Portal Cranes, P. Malone
Problem:
Float Requirements for Portal Cranes
Symptom:  Portal cranes were experiencing difficulty going around curves.
This was evident by the high pitch sound of metal to metal contact as a number
of cranes transverse the curves around drydocks.
Collection of Facts:  A west coast shipyard proposed that the float that
provides a means for cranes to go around curves, designed on portal cranes,
should be redesigned so they would operate by the available centrifugal force
generated by the crane going around a curve.  Float has lateral or sideways
movement capability that is built into portal crane running gear.  This
lateral movement is necessary because the geometry of the rectangular crane
frame on a curved track does not allow the corners of the crane to touch both
rails (See Figure 1).  This phenomenon occurs because the ends of the crane do
not fall on a radial line.
If a given crane is operated on a curve of constant radius, the gage can be
adjusted so no float is required.  However, if cranes of the same gage, but
different lengths/wheel configurations, are operated on the same curve,
different gage adjustments are required. Therefore, a compromise alignment
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