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Section 2:
Indoor Small Arms Weapons Ranges
Planning Factors. Ranges and other facilities designed and
constructed using previously published criteria need not necessarily meet the
requirements of this handbook.  When rehabilitation is accomplished, criteria
in this handbook shall be applied.  When full compliance cannot be
accomplished, an operational plan can often be developed that will offset the
non-compliance condition.  Any such operational plan will be developed by the
user and submitted to the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) for approval.
Design Objectives.  Small arms are defined as handguns, riotguns
(12 gauge shotguns), rifles up to 7.62 mm, and machine guns to 50 cal.
Although the basic training element is the outdoor range, severe weather or
safety limitations in the locale may make an outdoor range unusable. The
mission of the activity may dictate that an indoor range be provided.  The
range design must promote safe, efficient operation and yet be affordable to
construct and maintain.  Where the safety of personnel is in question, the
designer shall take into account the safety value of range administrative
controls to mitigate the need for overly stringent design parameter8 and
thereby keep the project within budgetary limits. When considering size and
selecting materiels, consider that a small arms range should be capable of
providing training for all appropriate military weapons assigned to Host and
Tenant commends.  The indoor range could be an existing building, a new range
in a separate building, or a new range as just one part of a larger new
Range Type and Size.  Indoor ranges are designed for use of handguns
firing both lead and ball ammunition up to and including .357 magnum, cal. 45
automatic and 9 mm.  Rifle cartridges will normally be limited to lead cal.
.22 rimfire.  The use of any type of armor piercing ammunition shall be
prohibited.  Not every range will be designed for M-14 and M-16 firing service
ammunition or shotgun.  In locations where adequate outdoor facilities do not
exist, the indoor facility may be upgraded to permit the use of 7.62 mm M-14,
and 5.56 mm M-16 service rifles with ball ammunition.  This requirement must,
be identified during planning.  The designer must secure design criteria for
structural, equipment, and safety related requirements before designing a
range for automatic weapons, H-14, H-16 using service ammunition, and shotgun.
Capacity of ranges will be determined in accordance with NAVFAC P-80,
Facility Planning Criteria for Navy and Marine  Corps Shore Installations.
Local Operating Procedures.  Safety of personnel and property cannot
depend upon design features alone; proper operating procedures and discipline
must be established and enforced at all times.  Local standard operating
procedures which allow a waiver of design manual criteria shall be approved by
Chief of Naval Operations (CNO).

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