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Change 1, 30 June 1995
a)  The center of the target shall be at an elevation between the
upper limit of fire (ULF) (standing:  plus 1.85 meters above FLFS) and the
lower limit of fire (LLF) (prone:  plus 0.15 meter above FLFS).  The entire
target face shall be fully displayed to the shooter.
b) The range floor (RF) (par. shall be a minimum of
minus 0.03 meter below FLFS.
c) Transverse spacing for firing lanes for rifles shall be 2.75
meters center to center; see Figure 2.2-6.  Firing lanes for pistols and
shotguns shall be 1.50 meters center to center; see Figure 2.2-7.
d) The length of the range (distance between the farthest spaced
firing and target lines) shall be as appropriate to the weapon being used and
the desired training; from 3 meters to 550 meters. Normally there will be
several different firing lines to target distances on the same range.
Training requirements will dictate the distances.
e)  Ranges may be located parallel to one another in compliance with
Figure 2.2-8 for separation.
Range Components.  Depending on the restrictions of the SDZ,
selected items of the following component list will be combined to form the
operating range. Firing Line Items.
Provide the following components:
a) Floor Surface.  The FLFS elevation is the range controlling
elevation.  The surface shall be smooth, firm, and graded to drain away from
the targets.  Side to side grading should be minimal. Transverse firing line
grading should match target line transverse grading.  Fore and aft distance
shall be sufficient to support the type of training conducted.  Firing lanes
shall be clearly marked on the surface to match the targets.  Depending on the
number of personnel to be supported (and their comfort) and the funds
available, the following surfaces should be considered:
(1) Ground, firmly compacted with mown grasses.
Railroad ties
could be used for lane marking.
(2) Sand or fine gravel (prone firing could be uncomfortable).
(3) Wood decking of sufficient thickness and supporting members
to avoid movement.
(4) Concrete topped with appropriate cushioning material.
b) Overhead Containment.  For Types "PB" and "FB" ranges a
ballistic canopy shall be provided over all locations where a weapon may be

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