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Section 3:
Siting. Range geometrics and surface danger zones given in the
design manual reflect ideal siting.  Small arms ranges require point targets
and prepared firing positions.  Heavy weapons ranges are area oriented, have
longer distances, and require mixed targets in target areas. Combining the
use of surface real estate and joint use of support facilities in conjunction
with a range complex or new weapons on existing range must be considered on an
individual basis.  Common impact areas and overlapping surface danger zones of
adjoining ranges may be allowed if weapons system characteristics are
compatible and training requirements are not compromised.  As an example,
artillery firing points should not be located adjacent to rifle ranges as the
noise detracts from live-fire training.  The station Explosive Ordinance
Disposal (EOD) officer and the Safety Officer must be included in any
discussion of impact area safety.  Guidelines for siting ranges are as defined
in paras. 3.1.1 through 3.1.6.
Location.  Safety is the prime consideration in locating a range.
The characteristics and ballistics of the weapons systems for which the range
is designed determine the selection of the site. The use of training
ammunition versus use of service ammunition will determine size of area
required.  Range design objective is to contain the firing ammunition and
explosives within the range real estate during training and target practice.
The locations of the firing points, impact areas, and surface danger zones for
the weapons to be used must be laid out to form a ground footprint on the
station maps.  Then the aerial easements, approach altitudes, and run-in lines
for aircraft ranges must be superimposed on the ground footprint to confirm
appropriate siting.  Determine acceptable noise levels on adjacent inhabited
areas.  Consider the added risk of accidental misdirected firing into adjacent
Locate aircraft ranges and gunnery ranges so that firing and impact
areas are at least the same distances from ammunition and gasoline storage as
is required for inhabited buildings.  Where available areas are limited, these
distances may be reduced to that required for public highways.  For purposes
of maintaining safe distances, routes for public land and areas of
intermittent public use (such as cemeteries, outdoor recreational areas, and
private utilities) shall be treated the same as inhabited buildings:
Navigable waterways and railroad lines shall be treated the same as public
highways.  For required Explosive Safety Arcs from inhabited areas and public
highways, refer to NAVFAC P-80 and NAVSEA OP-5, Ammunition Ashore Handling,
Stowing and Shipping.
Surface danger zones must be under U.S. Government control.  If not
under total Government control, area access shall be limited to prescribed
times for commercial activities such as fishing, grazing or mining, or firing
shall be limited to prescribed times.
Selection of the site will also consider the following:

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