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CASE C1 - Industrial Waste Treatment & Electroplating Facilities, L. Wernigg &
J. Yacoub
Problem:  The Navy is operating a large number of industrial waste treatment
(IWT) and electroplating (EP) facilities with varying degrees of
effectiveness, with several plants having difficulties meeting effluent
limitations and having excessive operations and maintenance problems.
Symptom:  Several IWT plants do not meet toxic heavy metal discharge
requirements imposed by Federal and State regulatory authorities (Nov. 1984).
Furthermore, there are serious problems with inoperative instrumentation and
control systems, with excessive maintenance requirements for some of the
installed equipment and other difficulties.
Collection of Facts:  A review of the project histories of several IWT plants
and electroplating shops and post-occupancy evaluation reports revealed that
problems are not reducible to one or two major causes. They derive from a
wide range of factors relating to preliminary engineering studies, the
government contracting process, A/E selection, design, project funding,
construction inspection, staff selection and training, changing environmental
regulations, high rate of inflation of the 70's, and the very nature of
industrial waste control itself.
Background:  Under the Post Occupancy Evaluation Program, four IWT and one
EP facilities have been evaluated to date.  These IWT facilities are located
at:  NWSC Crane, NAS North Island, NAS Jacksonville, and NARF Norfolk. The EP
facility is at Norfolk NSY Portsmouth, VA.  An additional IWT facility at
MCLSBA, Albany, GA had a detailed review prior to including IWT in the POE
These evaluated facilities represent twelve years of project planning and
acquisition efforts.  During this period of time, the country progressed from
dumping (to oceans, streams, lakes or land disposal sites) much of its
pollution generated at industrial facilities to collection and treatment
plants to meet very strict Federal and state discharge criteria. As a direct
result of the Federal Laws and Executive Orders mandating this major change, a
large number of projects were initiated to implement these requirements. All
of this happened at a time when we were not staffed to handle the planning,
design, construction and operation of these facilities. The A/E community was
also unprepared.
Summary of POE Findings:  Table 3 on page 44 provides an analysis of
deficiency types for five post occupancy evaluations conducted in the
industrial waste treatment and electroplating category.  All of these IWT
plants are first generation or upgraded first generation plants, therefore
identifying trends would be premature.  In addition, one of the POEs, at
Crane, was unique, because basically it was designed, built and operated by
one small private firm.  Because of the operation by a private contractor, it
was difficult to evaluate it on the same basis as a Navy-run facility.

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