TRAINING COURSE STRUCTURES
Figure 10 shows a typical layout of an obstacle
course. Small crushed gravel should be added to the entire length of the
course to a depth of 2 in. (50.8 mm) to provide a firm all weather footing.
Retails of individual obstacles are shown in Figure 11.
Confidence Courses. The course will be approximately 200 yd (183 m)
long, with obstacles spaced at equal distances along its length. Typical
details for confidence courses are shown in Figure 12.
Combat Towns. Construction will be repairable construction, such as
lightweight precast concrete which will withstand projectile impact. Other
materials will be acceptable. Combat town provides instruction and practical
experience in cordon, search, clearing, and entry techniques in built-up areas
or for use in training in controlling civil disturbances.
Size. Area is determined by training requirements, usually several
intersecting streets and several multi-story buildings, including maneuver
areas extending 300 yd (274.32 m) in all directions from center of facility.
Locations. If live fire exercises are to be conducted (demolition
or small arms), appropriate safety zones and impact areas must be designated.
Firing inside the structures is permitted if bullets impact approved
Construction. Structures will be designed to support floors, walls,
roofs, and sandbags around doors and windows. Electric utilities at doors and
windows will be required if electric/electronic target/&coring systems are
Ground level units may be concrete block construction. Upper stories
may be wood. Interior will be sheetrock/plywood construction.
Warnings. Red flags or red flashing lights should be provided
during daylight hours and red flashing lights from sunset until sunrise from
flagpoles approximately 200 yd (183 m) from facility during use of live
Combat Hut. A "combat hut" provides an opportunity for instruction
in, and development of, advanced live fire techniques and execution of cordon,
search, clearing, entry. and hostage recovery scenarios. Live-fire scenarios
must be designed to be as realistic as possible. Design guidance may be
received from: FBI Academy, Quantico, VA; Federal Law Enforcement Academy,
Glynco, GA; National Rifle Assn. (Range Development Dept.), Washington, D.C.;
NAVFACENGCOMHQ, Alexandria, VA; Weapons Training Dept., U.S. Naval Station,