(3) Preparation and supervision of an adequate plant maintenance,
housekeeping and inspection program.
( 4 ) Plant installations competently designed and installed
( 5 ) Preparation and supervision of safe, reliable and economic normal
(6) Preparation and supervision of necessary emergency and casualty
procedures, i n c l u d i n g training personnel in these procedures
( 7 ) Preparation and procurement of training aids, system diagrams and
manufacturers' manuals for training and guiding operating and maintenance
( 8 ) Preparation and supervision of an adequate periodic test and
i n s p e c t i o n program for all plant safety devices, fire fighting equipment and
other emergency equipment
3 OPERATOR MAINTENANCE. Operator maintenance is the necessary routine,
recurring maintenance work performed by the operators to keep the equipment
o p e r a t i n g at its designed capacity and efficiency.
3 . 1 R e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . The operator is actually the most important member of
the maintenance team. A well-informed and responsible operator should perform
t h e following duties:
(a) Keep equipment in service for maximum periods.
(b) Detect any flaws so that equipment is removed from servi c e i n
time to prevent serious damages.
(c) Perform minor repairs on equipment removed from service t o
minimize outage time.
Everyone in the operating chain should be aware o f t h e f o l l o w i n g
( a ) C l e a n l i n e s s . D i r t is the principal cause of equi p m e n t failure
and should be removed immediately by the operator.
( b ) L u b r i c a t i o n . Any two surfaces brought together develop friction.
When not properly lubricated the surfaces wear one another down, change
clearances and cause equipment breakdowns.
(c) Temperature Change. Any unusual temperature change which the
o p e r a t o r cannot correct should be reported immediately to the plant
s u p e r v i s o r . When the temperature of a piece of equipment rises rapidly,
immediately shut down.
(d) Loose Components. V i b r a t i o n is a major source of equipment
f a i l u r e . Equipment not properly secured vibrates, causes an unbalance,
vibrates further and compounds the problem. In making rounds, the operator
should put his hand on the bearing, touch the fan housing and feel the motor