Quantcast Difficulties Encountered

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c. Background
(1) Approach Taken. To obtain a baseline of utility information for a generic
approach, utility AS-BUILT information was solicited from 10 sources, including 7 overseas
bases. The information obtained from this collective effort serves as the framework of this
publication. The lists of utility sixes and types of material referred to is by no means
exhaustive. Common systems likely to be encountered in the field are listed.
(2) Difficulties Encountered. Research into the commercial sector indicated that
the commercial world does not do expedient (quick and dirty) repairs;  they perform safe,
slower, permanent repairs. As a result, the Civil Engineer Support Office (CESO) has found
no new off-the-shelf technology applicable to rapid utility repair. Research has yielded coupler
technology as the only off-the-shelf viable candidate for use in rapid repair of damaged POL,
water, sewer, and steam lines. While repair coupler technology is not a new item to the Naval
Construction Force, its application as a rapid utility repair instrument may be underutilized.
Although originally part of the project tasking, no new off-the-shelf technology was found
for telephone and electric utilities. Electric utility repair that uses conventional practices is
included in this publication due to its importance as a utility, and also due to potential dangers
associated with repair practices.  Telephone repair has been excluded. Use conventional
telephone repair techniques.
It is possible that repairs of POL lines may exceed the 4-hour repair limitation, as
described in chapter 2, due to safety requirements.
(3) Damages Due to Hostile Actions. It is not the intent of this publication to
predict the type, quantity, or severity of hostile action damage likely to occur at military
installations. It is assumed that runways, taxiways, aircraft shelters, utility lines, munitions
storage, and key command facilities will be primary targets during attack. It is also assumed
that bases will face extensive utility system damage which will need to be repaired to restore
base operability. The repairs will need to be accomplished as quickly as possible with limited
resources. The emphasis of this publication is to address damage repair to utilities caused by
conventional bomb explosions, under non Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR) warfare
conditions. Fire suppression, debris removal, ordnance disposal, and safety procedures are not
covered in this publication.
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