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Change 1, 30 June 1995
Lighting;.  Provide general downrange lighting for safety and cleanup
purposes as well as for general range illumination.  The preferred method is a
continuous bank of fluorescent lights with supplemental halogen or a
combination of lights running the full width of the range.  Light intensity at
target face should be between 85 to 100 footcandles measured 4 feet (1.22 m)
above the floor at the target.  The ideal light wavelength is 550 plus or
minus 50 nanometers.  Range should have dimmer or lighting to satisfy various
training requirements of using activities.
Range Design Review.  For weapons to be fired, weapons type,
ammunition to be fired, and distances of firing line to targets must be
determined during the planning phase.  Other design considerations include:
number of firing points; lighting possibilities; manual and automatic target
carrier/turning mechanisms; offices or at least tables for administrative
support; shooting benches; clocks and timers; ventilation; ease of lead dust
cleanup; spectator safety; acoustics; lead dust control; lead removal from
lead dust collectors and bullet traps.  A range which adjoins a classroom
requires soundproofing.  Glass walls separating firing points from waiting
areas may be used to reduce noise and lead dangers to spectators or waiting
During the planning phase, the weapons officer, range officer, range
training officer, safety officer, industrial hygienist, and public works
engineer should review the design requirement before construction drawings are
started.  When the station or design agent is unable to proceed with
preparation of construction drawings in accordance with the criteria of this
military handbook, requests for deviation must be addressed to Commander,
Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Code 15C, 1510 Gilbert Street, Norfolk,
VA 23511-2699.  During the design phase, submittal reviews by the appropriate
Naval Industrial Hygienist are required in accordance with NAVFAC Instruction
6260.2, Reviews for Health Hazards During Facility Design Process, and may be
required by the appropriate Engineering Field Division (EFD) or Engineering
Field Activity (EFA) in accordance with EFD or EFA published instructions.
Outdoor Small Arms Ranges
Planning Phase.  The weapons officer, range safety officer,
industrial hygienist, activity planner, and public works engineer (and others
who may have interest) shall review the proposed range usage and resulting
design requirements for compatibility before construction drawings are
started.  Plot the proposed Surface Danger Zone (SDZ) on the activity General
Development Map (GDM) to confirm the lack of conflicts.  Check aircraft
operations.  Note that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has
jurisdiction if there is a vertical weapon component that exceeds 500 feet.
Consult NAVFAC publication P-80 for guidance on the number of personnel to be
supported and the size of the range.

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