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2.14 Sustainable Design
The Secretary of Defense has stated, "The Department of Defense must improve its environmental performance
by actively implementing policies that embrace pollution prevention in all phases of the acquisition process, the
procurement of goods and services, and in life-cycle management of our installations."
It is the policy of NAVFAC to apply integrated design approaches to all facilities and infrastructure projects such
that sustainability principles and concepts are incorporated to the fullest extent possible, consistent with budget
constraints, and customer requirements. It is further the policy of NAVFAC to seek to accomplish sustainable
design with no increase in first costs. This policy applies to renovation and alteration projects as well as new
construction. It also applies to designs associated with all procurement methods, including design-build.
It is mandatory that these principles be discussed and implemented throughout the design process. The A/E shall
discuss methods and elements considered for Sustainable Design in the Basis for Design Report.
Some examples of construction and building features and components that embody Sustainable Design are:
Recycling of demolition material and other construction waste:
Separating demolition debris for off site recycling
Recycling demolition debris on-site and reusing same
Recycling construction material packaging
Maximizing repetitive use of concrete form work and using low-waste form work
Reusing existing brick to the maximum extent possible
Increasing use of recycled construction material, low or no VOC materials and adhesives, and materials
produced with less embodied energy:
Using site furnishings containing recycled material
Using geo-textile/waterproofing materials with recycled content
Using concrete composed of locally produced materials
Using concrete with only non-toxic admixtures
Using expansion joint fillers with recycled content
Using recycled ash concrete and concrete with recycled aggregate
Using unit masonry with recycled content
Using precast concrete where possible
Using steel studs and frames with recycled content
Using metals designed for ease of future recycling
Using steel rather than aluminum or stainless steel (less embodied energy used)
Using wood products from certified sustainable programs i.e. "Smart Wood Program"
Minimizing use of plastics with harmful VOC emissions
Using plastic with recycled content
Using waterproofing and dampproofing membranes with recycled content
Using building insulation which are not produced with CFC or HCFC or other materials which out gas
Using rigid fiberglass or expanded polystyrene (EPS) insulation board
Encapsulating insulation to ensure that it does not enter occupied space of air handling systems
Using insulation with recycled content, i.e. cellulose
Pre-painting doors and frames off-site

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